The Ancient Egyptians


At first, there was only Nun. Nun was the dark waters of chaos. One day, a hill rose up out of the waters. This hill was called Ben-Ben. On this hill stood Atum, the first god. Atum coughed and spat out Shu, the god of the air, and Tefnut, the goddess of moisture. Shu and Tefnut had two children. First, there was Geb, the god of the earth. Then, there was Nut, the goddess of the sky. Shu lifted Nut up so that she became a canopy over Geb. Nut and Geb had four children named Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys. Osiris was the king of the earth and Isis was the queen. Osiris was a good king, and he ruled over the earth for many years. However, everything was not well. Seth was jealous of Osiris because he wanted to be the ruler of the earth. He grew angrier and angrier until one day he killed Osiris. Osiris went down into the underworld and Seth remained on earth and became king. Osiris and Isis had one son called Horus. Horus battled against Seth and regained the throne. After that, Horus was the king of the earth and Osiris was the king of the underworld.


Amun-one of the most powerful gods in ancient Egypt. Amun was important throughout the history of ancient Egypt. However when amun was combined with the sun god ra he was even more powerful. He was then called amun-ra.
Amun
Amun

Anubis-was the god of embalming and the dead. Since jackals were often seen in cemeteries the ancient Egyptians believed that Anubis watched over the dead. Anibus was the god who helped to embalm Osiris after he was killed by Seth he was the god that watched over mummifying people when they died.
Anubis
Anubis

Aten-was a form of the sun god Ra. He was the made kind of gods.
Rays of Aten
Rays of Aten

Atum-was a creator of the god. The ancient Egyptians believed that atum was the first god to exist on earth. The ancient Egyptians believed that atum rose from the waters of chaos (nun) and created all the gods.
Atum
Atum

Bastet-was a protective goddess. Bastet was usually seen as a gentle protective god
Bastet
Bastet

Ma’at- was the goddess of truth, justice, and harmony. She was associated with the balance of things on earth
external image maat2.jpg
Nephthys- was a protective goddess of the dead. Nephthys was the sister of Osiris and the sister/wife of Seth nephythys was also the mother of Anubis.
Nephthys
Nephthys

Nun- According to an ancient Egyptian creation myth. Nun was the waters of chaos. Nun was the only thing that existed on earth before there was land. Then the first land rose out of Nun. Nun was also associated with the chaos that existed at the edges of the universe.
Nun
Nun

Nut- was the sky goddess whose body created a vault or canopy over the earth. Nut was the sister/wife of Geb, the god of the earth. She was also the mother of Isis, Osiris. Nepys and Seth. The ancient Egyptian believed that at the end of the day, Nut swallowed the sun-God, Ra, and gave birth to him again the next morning.
external image nut.jpg
Osiris- was the god of the dead and ruler of the underworld. Osiris was the brother and husband of Isis and the brother of Nephys and Seth. He was also the father of Horus.
Osiris
Osiris

Ptah- was the god of craftsmen. In one creation myth, Ptah was a creator God. He spoke the words and the world came into being.
Ptah
Ptah


Egypt was one of the greatest acient civilizations. They mostly in the area of the lower reaches of the Nile, which is now the modern Egypt. It was one of the larger civilizations, apart of Nile Valley Civilization.A combination of favorable geographical features contributed to the success of ancient Egyptian culture, the most important of which was the rich fertile soil resulting from annual inundations of the Nile River. The ancient Egyptians were thus able to produce an abundance of food, allowing the population to devote more time and resources to cultural, technological, and artistic pursuits. Land management was crucial in ancient Egypt because taxes were assessed based on the amount of land a person owned.