African Creation Myths


African mythology has many different stories, this page includes creation stories. A story not included in this page is the Yorubas tribe story. this page will tell you everything you need to know about african creation stories. Additional information from other websites will also be provided!

The Shilluks

[4]The Shilluks of the Nile region, tell a story of creation by the god Jo-Uk. Jo-Uk first made the sacred white cow, which had a son named Kola, which had a son name Ukwa. Ukwa's two dark virgin wives came out of the Nile, where the sacred white cow came out of. Nyakang, one of Ukwa's son's was a tall, blue-black warrior. He traveled south and founded the Shilluk nation, in the upper nile. Nyakang was the first rule of Shilluk.external image moz-screenshot.jpg
external image moz-screenshot-1.jpgexternal image moz-screenshot-2.jpg
Nile River

Varying Shilluk story

[4]A different myth says that Jo-Uk was exploring his world and decided to stop in what would be the white world. He made white people out of sand. He then went to egypt and made people out of reddish brown clay, and the Nile people out of mud from the Nile river. Lastly he came to the Shilluk people and made them out of rich black earth. He gave the humans limbs and the tools to survive.
What white people were made from

West African

[1]A West African creation tale explains how two spirit people were accidentally sent down to earth by the sky god. Lonely, the people decided to create children from clay, but feel they must hide them when the sky god comes down. Because they are hidden in fire, the children soon turn to various shades based on how long they had been exposed to the heat. Over time, these clay children grow up and move to various regions of the earth, ultimately populating it (Fader). Much like that of the Shillu k people, this story serves a two-fold purpose: it explains both the creation of man as well as accounts for the differences among him. This tale shows the West Africans value these differences because they feel that all men are created equal and should be treated as such.

The Boshongo

[2][3]In the Boshongo Myth there was a god named Bumba. In this tale there was no land there was only water and darkness. Bumba then, vomited up the sun from stomach pain. The intense heat from the sun dried up some of the water and left land. Even after vomiting up the sun, Bumba was still in pain so he vomited up the moon. After this he through the same ways of creation, created many animals. However, the last thing he created was man. It was said he created a white man first in reflection of him, Bumba.

The Abaluyia

[5]In this myth the Abaluyia peolpe belive that man was created by god so the sun would have something to shine on. After the creation of man he created plants and animals so man would have a food source. God then created woman so man would have someone whom he could talk with.


These stories are all connected in one way or another. First of all, they all believe in one god. While they cry in their description of how this occurred. and why, they all serve the same purpose. Through their explanation of how this occurred, one can see what they view their place in the world to be. By answering their questions, these stories served as both a comforting basis for the African people and a way of connecting to future generations. As such, these tales of creation are works of truly great literature.