Aztec Mythology

The gods and goddesses in Aztec mythology reflect their polytheistic religion. In other words, their religion and mythology is the same. The Aztecs and the Nahuatl both spoke the same language and are therefore culturally similar. There is much unknown about the Aztecs in the beginning but it is believed that they originated where Mexico City is now located. There are several myths that explain different versions of Aztecs' origins. To read about one of them, check out Huitzilopochtli's page. Their religion and mythology reflected a heavy belief in fate and determined destiny from the gods. Many of their gods were also agriculturally based due to its predominance in their society. Their form of worship heavliy involved sacrifice and physical pain to placate the gods and invoke their favors, which they felt was nessary for life.


Gods
external image 250px-Chalchiutlicue_rios.jpgexternal image magnify-clip.pngChalchiutlicue from Codex Ríos.
external image 150px-Aztec_statue_of_Coatlicue%2C_the_earth_goddess.jpgexternal image magnify-clip.pngCoatlicue, the earth goddess.
  • Cochimetl (also Coccochimetl) - god of commerce, bartering, and merchants
  • Coyolxauhqui - legendary sister of Huitzilopochtli, associated with the moon, possibly patroness of theMilky Way
  • Cuaxolotl - a goddess of the hearth
  • Ehecatl (also Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl) - the god of the Wind and creator of the earth, heavens, and the present race of humanity. As god of the west, one of the skybearers
  • Huehuecoyotl (also Ueuecoyotl) - a trickster god of indulgence and pranks. A shapeshifter, associated with drums and the coyote
  • Huehueteotl (also Ueueteotl, Xiuhtecuhtli, Xiutechuhtli) - an ancient god of the hearth, the fire of life. Associated with the pole star and the north, and serves as a skybearer
external image 150px-Huehueteotl_munah.jpgexternal image magnify-clip.pngHuehueteotl, Museo Nacional de Antropología, Mexico City.
external image 250px-Quetzalcoatl_Ehecatl.jpgexternal image magnify-clip.pngQuetzalcoatl in human form, using the symbols of Ehecatl, from the Codex Borgia.
  • Quetzalcoatl (also Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli) (quetzal-feathered serpent) - creator god and patron of rulership, priests and merchants. Associated with Ehecatl as the divine wind
  • Quilaztli (see Ilamatecuhtli)
  • Tecciztecatl (see Mextli)
  • Temazcalteci (also Temaxcaltechi) - goddess of bathing and sweatbaths
  • Teoyaomicqui (also Teoyaomiqui)- the god of dead warriors
  • Tepeyollotl - (The jaguar form of Tezcatlipoca) god of the heart of the mountain, associated with jaguars, echoes, and earthquakes
  • Tepoztecatl (also Tezcatzontecatl) - god of pulque and rabbits
  • Teteoinnan - mother of the gods
  • Tezcatlipoca (also Omacatl, Titlacauan) - omnipotent god of rulers, sorcerers and warriorshttp:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_mythology httphttp:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_mythologyen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_mythology, death, discord, conflict, temptation and change. A sinister rival to Quetzalcoatl. Can appear as a jaguar.
  • Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli - destructive god of the morning star (venus), dawn, and of the east. One of the skybearers
  • Tlaloc (also Nuhualpilli) - the great and ancient provider and god of rain, fertility and lightning
  • Tlaltecuhtli - goddess of earth, associated with difficult births
  • Tlazolteotl (also Tlaelquani, Tlazolteotli)- the goddess of purification from filth, disease or excess
  • Tloquenahuaque - a creator god or ruler
  • Toci (also Temazcalteci) - grandmother goddess, heart of the earth and mother of the gods. Associated with midwives and war
  • Tonacatecuhtli - the aged creator and provider of food and patron of conceptions
  • Tonacacihuatl - consort of Tonacatecuhtli
  • Tonantzin - a mother goddess
  • Tonatiuh - a sun god and heavenly warrior, associated with eagles and with the Maya
  • Tzitzmitl - aged grandmother goddess
  • Xilonen - the goddess of young maize
  • Xipe Totec - the god of the seasons, seed germination and renewal, considered the patron of goldworkers
  • Xiuhcoatl (fire serpent or turquoise serpent) - embodiment of the sun's rays and emblem of Xiuhtecuhtliexternal image 150px-Aztec_serpent_sculpture.JPGexternal image magnify-clip.pngXiuhcoatl.
  • Xiuhtecuhtli -(also called Huehueteotl)
  • Xochipilli - the young god of feasting, painting, dancing, games, and writing. Associated with Macuilxochitland Cinteotl
  • Xochiquetzal - goddess of love, beauty, female sexuality, prostitutes, flowers, pleasure, craft, weaving, and young mothers
  • Xocotl - star god associated with fire
  • Xolotl - canine companion of Quetzalcoatl and god of twins, sickness and deformity. Accompanies the dead to Mictlan
  • Yacatecuhtli (also Yactecuhtli//) - the god of merchants and travellers












All images and information courtesy of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aztec_mythology