Introduction to Babylonian Mythology:


Babylonian mythology is a series of stories of Babylonian deities and other significant figures. The Babylonian mythology and religon revolves mainly around civilization. Bibical stories play a big role in the Babylonian empire. Mesopotamia is considered the home goddesses and gods as well as Babylonian mythology. During the year there are various festivals, which is a big part of their culture.for more info: Babylonian Mythology

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Goddesses:



Ishtar/Inanna-
Goddess external image Ishtar_vase_Louvre_AO17000-detail.jpgof sexual love, fertility, lust, and warfare.

Symbols: Sky, Clouds, War, Skin, and Birth.
Parents: Nanna & Ningal
Children: Lulal & Shara
Siblings: Utu, Ishkur, & Ereshkigal

Inanna is one of the earliest figures of Babylonian mythology. Inanna means "Queen of Heaven". At first she didnt have any important responsibilties, because she was the granddaughter of Namma. Now that she is well known, she creates much chaos and confusion to anyone who disobeys her. She has been linked to the planet Venus, as well as storms and rain. Inanna is a powerful woman who wen to the underworld to regain her lover.

Damkina-external image Marduk_Tiamat.gif
Earth mother goddess

Symbols: Clouds & Mountains

Children: Marduk

Parents: Ea

Damkina may have been the offspring of Nammu in some traditions. She was often referred to as "Lady August". Damkina is alway associated with the earth and nature.



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Kishar-

Goddess of Earth

Symbols: Sky

Parents: Lahamu

Brother/Husband: Anshar

Children: Anu & Ki (Nintu)

Kishar is known as the "host of Earth". Both of her children are also associated with the earth. Kishar is not a goddess that is commonly seen or heard of.


Nintu-
Mother Goddess
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Symbols: Water

Parents: Kishar & Anshar

Nintu is greatly associated with water such as rivers, lakes, springs, ocean, and wells. She was also known to be a fearless woman who could be related to a war warrior.





More Info:

The Babylonian canon is largely derived from Sumerian mythology. This was written in Akkadian, a Semitic language, using cuneiform script on clay tablets. Most texts known today are copies made in scribal schools by student scribes, likely at a time when Akkadian was no longer the spoken language in Babylonia and serious belief in the myths had faded amongst educated people. Some Babylonian texts were even translations into Akkadian from the Sumerian language of earlier texts, though the names of some deities were changed in Babylonian texts. Some Babylonian deities and myths are unique to that culture, however, such as the god **Marduk** and the Enûma Elish, a creation epic.







http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/literature/Mythology-About-Babylonian-Mythology-Introduction.id-83,pageNum-12.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babylonian_religion

http://www.gods-heros-myth.com/bmain.html