Mythology of Ireland

The oldest body of myths is found only from the early medieval period of Ireland. As Christianity began to take over, the gods and goddesses were slowly forgotten as such from the culture. What has survived includes material dealing with the Tuatha De Danann and the Fomorians, which forms the basis for the text Cath Maige Tuireadth, as well as parts of the history focused Lebor Gabala Erenn. The Tuath De represents the functions of human society such as kingship, crafts and war, while the Fomorians represent chaos and wild nature.

The Dagda

The leader of the gods for the Irish pantheon appears to have been The Dagda. The Dagda was the figure which male humans and other gods were based due to his embodiment of the ideal Irish traits. Celtic gods were also considered to be a clan due to their lack of specialization and unknown origins. Dagda was a loony character in Irish mythology, some authors says that he was trusted to be benevolent enough to tolerate jokes at his own expense. Even though Irish tales depict the Dagda as a power figure, armed with a spear.

The Morrigan

The Morrigan was a tripartite battle goddess of the Celts of Ancient Ireland. She was known as the Morrigan, but the different sections she was divided into were also referred to as Nemhain, Macha, and Badb, with each name representing different aspects of combat. She is most commonly know for her involvement in the Tain Bo Cuailnge.

Brigit

Daughter of Dagda and one of the Tuatha De Danann. She was the bride of Bres of the Fomorians, with whom she had a son, Ruadan. She had two sisters, her name was also spelled Brighid, and is considered a classic Celtic Triple Goddess. She was also a women of poetry, the pets worshiped her, for her say was very great and very noble. She was the goddess of all things perceived to be of relatively high dimensions such as high-rising flames, highlands, hill-forts and upland areas. She was also the goddess of wisdom, excellence, perfection, high intelligence, poetic eloquence, crafts,amship, healing ability,druidism knowledge, and skill in warfare. In the living traditions, whether seen as goddess or saint, she is largel associated with the home and hearth and is a favorite of both Pagans and Christians.

Lugh

The most appearing god in the tales is Lugh. He is evidently a residual of the earlier , more known god Lugus, whose diffusion in Celtic religion is apparent from the number of place names in which his name appears, occurring across the Celtic world. Lug is described in the Celtic myths as the last to be added to the long list of deities. In Ireland their was a festival called the Lugnasa, it was held in Lugh's honor.

Arawn

God of the Celtic underworld. he is fond of taking his Hounds of Hell for a run to track down lost souls. This caused people to fear and shun the underworld. Which helps keep people from trying to visit the dark abyss.

Impact

These stories created a part of Irish culture. The reading materials taught earlier society how to live life and act. The Gods in the stories were shown as people of power and made the laws and rules of the land. The gods were also used as a explanation to things that earlier society couldn't understand. Such as the Goddess Epona created the horse, or the god Taranis created thunder.

Citations:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_mythology
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigid
http://www.godchecker.com/pantheon/celtic-mythology.php?deity=ARAWN&ds=N